Monday, 16 February 2009

1st Corinthians Chapter 11

Paul starts out this chapter by praising the Corinthians for the way they hold to the God given traditions, just as they were given them. He then goes on to show the importance of headship.
1 Cor 11:1-16
Headship – 1 Cor 11:3
Christ is the head of every man
man is the head of a woman,
God is the head of Christ.
Paul makes certain statements
• Every man who has something on his head while praying or prophesying disgraces his head. 1Cor. 11:4
• But every woman who has her head uncovered while praying or prophesying disgraces her head, for she is one and the same as the woman whose head is shaved. 1Cor. 11:5
• For if a woman does not cover her head, let her also have her hair cut off; but if it is disgraceful for a woman to have her hair cut off or her head shaved, let her cover her head. 1Cor. 11:6
• For a man ought not to have his head covered, since he is the image and glory of God; but the woman is the glory of man. 1Cor. 11:7
Paul then asks some questions
• Judge for yourselves: is it proper for a woman to pray to God with her head uncovered? 1Cor. 11:13
• Does not even nature itself teach you that if a man has long hair, it is a dishonor to him, but if a woman has long hair, it is a glory to her? For her hair is given to her for a covering. 1Cor. 11:14-15

Key words
Covered - katakalupto from kata down from, and kaluptoi to cover – “to veil or cover” Thayer

Uncovered - akatakaluptos, from a not and kata down from, and kaluptoi to cover – “not covered, unveiled” Thayer

Long hair – “to let the hair grow, have long hair” Thayer

Covering – “a veil (A.V. a covering)” Thayer

The conclusion must be that a man must be uncovered and a woman must be covered. The covering is defined as “long hair”.

1 Cor 11:17-34

The Lord’s Supper
Paul changes his approach at this point. Here he does not praise them – the reason, they were not following the traditions. They were coming together not for the better, but for the worse. He later says, “Let all things be done for edification” 1 Cor 14:26.

They were treating the Lord’s Supper as a common meal, see 1 Cor 11:20-22, 34). They were eating to a meal and not sharing with those who had nothing. Paul said that this was not the Lord’s Supper. People may call something the Lord’s Supper, but that does not make it so. It is only that if it is conducted in the manner in which it was delivered – according to the traditions as they were delivered.

1Cor. 11:23 For I received from the Lord that which I also delivered to you,
Paul received his instructions by revelation, Eph 3:3-4, and he passed these on to the Corinthians, and thus to us.

He took bread
Jesus took bread, it was one loaf and they all partook 1 Cor 10:16-17.
1Cor. 11:24 and when He had given thanks, He broke it and said, “This is My body, which is for you; do this in remembrance of Me.”
We also read:
Matt. 26:26 While they were eating, Jesus took some bread, and after a blessing, He broke it and gave it to the disciples, and said, “Take, eat; this is My body.”

The bread represents the Lord’s body, note John 19:31-37
The cup represents the new covenant, see 1 Cor 11:25, also Luke 22:20.
Not mentioned here, but the fruit of the vine represents the blood, Matt 26:27-29, Mark 14:23-25

Do this in remembrance of Me
This was to be a memorial feast in which the participants remember all that the Lord Jesus has done for them. He came and died for us. The death on the cross was the culmination of His work.
1Cor. 11:26 For as often as you eat this bread and drink the cup, you proclaim the Lord’s death until He comes.

An unworthy manner
The Corinthians were partaking in an unworthy manner by turning the Supper into a common meal. We have to be careful that we don’t also fall into the same trouble in the manner in which we partake. How we partake is important!

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